- Constant Conductance Heat Pipes
- Variable Conductance Heat Pipes
- Space Copper-Water Heat Pipes
- Loop Heat Pipes
- Space VPX
- Liquid Cooling
When convection / air cooling isn’t able to remove the heat load required to keep electronics under their safe maximum operating temperature, single-phase liquid cooling solutions offer a high level of performance. Liquid-cooled, cold plates are commonly used for high-heat flux or high-power electronics cooling applications.